(F.C.I. Standard No 61, dated 24/3/93)

There are two varieties of the St. Bernard: Short-hair variety (Stockhaar, smooth coat)
Long-hair variety (rough coat) Both varieties are of notable size and have a balanced,
sturdy, muscular body with imposing head and alert facial expression

Behaviour - Temperament:
Friendly by nature. Temperament calm to lively, watchful

Important proportions:
Ideal proportion for height at withers to body length (measured from the point of the

shoulder to the point of the ischium) =

5 : 6. Ideal relationship of height at withers to depth of chest = 100 : 45-50

General: massive and imposing

Cranial Region:
skull strong, seen in profile and from the front slightly rounded; sideways

it merges gently rounded into the strongly developed high cheek bones, falling away steeply towards the muzzle.

Occipital bone only moderately pronounced. Supraorbital ridges strongly developed. The frontal furrow,

which starts at the root of the muzzle and runs over the whole skull, disapears towards the base of the occiput.

The skin of the forehead forms wrinkles over the eyes which converge towards the frontal furrow.

When the dog is attentive, the wrinkles become more pronounced.

When alert, the set-on of the ear and the topline of the skull appear in a straight line. Stop: markedly pronounced

Facial region:
Muzzle: short, does not taper. Nasal bridge straight, with a shallow furrow running its length.

Length of muzzle shorter than its depth, measured at the root of the muzzle Nose: black, broad and square.

Nostrils well opened Lips: edge of lips black. Flews of upper jaw strongly developed, pendulous,

forming a wide curve towards the nose. Corner of mouth remains visible Teeth: strong,

regular and complete scissor or even bite. Reverse scissor bite acceptable.

Missing PM 1 (premolar 1) tolerated Eyes: medium size. Colour dark brown to lighter nut-brown.

Not deeply set, with a friendly expression. Eyelids as close fitting as possible. Complete pigmentation on eye rims.

Natural tightness of lids desired. A small angular wrinkle of the lower eyelid with inconspicuous showing

of the conjunctiva, as well as a small angular wrinkle of the upper eyelid are allowed Ears: medium size,
set on high and wide. Strongly developed burr at the base. Ear flaps pliable, triangular with the tip rounded off.

The back edge stands off slightly, the front edge lies close fitting to the cheeks

strong, dewlap not too exaggerated

general appearance imposing and balanced Topline: withers well defined. Straight from withers to loin.

Rump falls away gently and merges with root of tail Back: broad, strong and firm

Chest: brisket moderately deep with well sprung ribs, but not reaching beyond the elbows Belly and lowerline:

slight tuck-up towards rear Tail: set on broad and strong. Tail long and heavy,

its last vertebra reaching at least to the hocks. When in repose, the tail hangs straight down or may turn

gently upwards in the lower third. When animated, it is carried higher


General: Stance rather broad, straight and parallel when seen from the front Shoulders: muscular,

shoulder-blade oblique, well attached to the chest wall Upper-arm: the same length or only

slightly shorter than the shoulder blade. Angle between shoulder blade and upper arm not too straight

Elbow: laying well onto the body Forearm: straight, heavy boned, tautly muscled Pasterns: vertically s

traight when seen from the front and at a slight angle when seen from the side Forefeet: broad, compact,

with strong well arched toes

General: hindquarters muscular with moderate angulation. Seen from rear, the hind legs are parallel

and not too close together Upper thigh: strong, muscular with broad buttocks Stifle: well angulated,

turning neither in nor out Lower thigh: slanting and rather long Hock joints: slightly angulated and firm

Hock: straight and parallel when seen from behind Hind feet: broad, compact, with strong well arched toes.

Dewclaws tolerated as long as they do not hinder movement

Coordinated, smooth reaching strides with good drive from the hindquarters.

Hindquarters track in line with the forequarters

Hair: Short-hair variety (Stockhaar, smooth coat): Top coat dense, smooth, close lying and coarse,

with rich undercoat. Buttocks lightly breeched. tail covered with dense fur Long-hair variety (rough coat):

Top coat plain, of medium length with a rich undercoat. Over the haunches and rump usually somewhat wavy.

Front legs feathered. Buttocks well breeched. Short hair on face and ears. Bushy tail

Basic colour white with either small or large reddish-brown splashes ("splash coat") or a continuous

reddish-brown blanket covering back and flanks ("mantle coat"). A torn reddish-brown mantle (broken up by white)

is of equal value. Reddish-brown brindle permissible. Brownish-yellow tolerated.

Dark brown shadings on head desirable. Slight black shadings on body tolerated Markings: chest, feet, tip of tail,

muzzle band, blaze and patch on neck must be white Desirable: white collar, symmetrical dark mask

Height at withers: Minimal height: dogs 70 cm (27.56 in)

Minimal height: bitches 65 cm (25.59 in) Maximum height: dogs 90 cm (35.43 in) Maximum height: bitches 80 cm (31.5 in)

Dogs which exceed the maximum height will not be penalized, provided their

general appearance is balanced and their movement correct

Every departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault which will be assessed according

to the degree of departure from the standard lack of correct gender characteristics unbalanced

general appearance strong wrinkles on head, excessive dewlap muzzle too short or too long flews

of the lower jaw turning outwards under- or overshot bite missing teeth other than PM 1 (premolar 1)

low set on ears light eye entropion, ectropion eyelids too loose sway back or roach back rump higher than

withers or falling away steeply tail carried curled over back crooked or severely turned out front legs poorly

angulated, bowed or cow-hocked hindquarters faulty movement curly coat incomplete or totally

absent pigment on nose, around the nose, on lips and eyelids faulty markings, e.g. white with

reddish-brown ticks faults of temperament: aggressiveness, shyness

Disqualifying faults:
Coat totally white or totally reddish-brown coat of different colour wall eye,

blue eye N.B. Males should have two apparently normally developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum